The simple answer here is that your PC will not POST without a CPU as far as displaying the POST screen is concerned; however, it might flash LEDs or make beep sounds which is also contemplated as a function of the POST. The motherboard on the PC is an extremely significant component.
It’s literally the nervous system of your PC since it interconnects all the parts that have to communicate with your CPU, permitting the transfer of instructions and data between them. For it to be the literal network highway of the computer, it needs to test if all the parts connected are functional.
It comprises the Graphics Processing Unit, RAM, CPU, and even peripherals like the keyboard. That’s the point of POST. Here we’ll glance further into what POST is and also try to explain the answer to the question: Will motherboard post without CPU?
What Is POST?
POST is an acronym for Power-On-Self-Test. The major purpose of this test is to discover whether your PC’s components are functioning as expected. It comprises the core parts like the GPU, CPU, and RAM, as well as storage and connectivity peripherals like a keyboard.
It’s the first test your PC runs for checking different critical systems. Just when the POST is successful, can your PC continue the boot-up processor. If it is unsuccessful, the POST screen will either show where the malfunction is happening (like no keyboard detected) or make a beep sound code.
PC runs this operation in the first stage to avoid any inconveniences to the user afterward, like a not working keyboard or other issues with disk drives and other parts. So basically, the POST is utilized for detecting the hardware issues with your PC before it finishes booting up.
So Will Motherboard POST Without CPU?
If you’re talking particularly about a typical computer system, the simple answer is no. Your motherboard will not POST without any CPU. As stated earlier, POST is the first test a computer performs for checking the status of your hardware.
Therefore, your motherboard wouldn’t even try to show the POST screen without any CPU. That’s because, without a CPU, the video output ports would not even function to show the POST screen!
No CPU = No GPU = No Display = No POST Screen
Other than the fact that your motherboard is literally missing the brains (CPU), the CPUs have the major controller for display. In simple words, the display ports, i.e., VGA or HDMI located on your motherboard, are controlled by the CPU and not by your motherboard since CPUs have integrated graphics. Motherboards don’t have any onboard graphics processing unit. Therefore, the display would show nothing, let alone the POST screen.
Flashing LED And Beeping Sound:
While no POST screen will be shown on the screen without any CPU, as stated earlier, the motherboard might flash LEDs or generate beep sounds signifying that something is wrong, which in this case would be your computer brain itself.
The only thing turning on your motherboard without any CPU would tell you is if it’s dead or not, it’d tell you nothing about whether its connected parts, ports, and slots are functioning properly or not.
Motherboard Beeping Codes And LED Flashes Are Parts Of The POST Process:
While the motherboard might not show the POST screen without any CPU, it’ll generate beeping codes or LED flashes showing where the problem lies. That’s also a part of the POST procedure. Many motherboards have an in-built beep code speaker; if yours does not, then you can simply invest in an extremely cheap beeping code speaker that you can install. If the POST spots any problems with your hardware, it’ll make a beeping sound code. The number of beeps generated indicates where the issue lies. So, for example:
- 1 Beep – problems with the memory
- 2 Beeps – problems with your motherboard
- 5 Beeps – problems with your CPU
So on and so forth. If you don’t have any CPU installed on your motherboard, you might hear five beeping sound codes. In addition to the beeping code sound, the motherboard might also flash LEDs built on it. The sequence of these LEDs flashing might show where the problem lies. For that, you’ll need to consult the manual of your motherboard.
Should You Turn Your Motherboard On Without A CPU?
You can turn your motherboard on without any CPU. It ought not to cause any problems. In fact, this action can at times be significant, particularly if you desire to test whether the motherboard is operational or not.
What Really Happens When You Boot Without Any CPU?
Well, nothing much happens, really. Other than the beeping sounds and error codes, the only thing you’ll notice is whether the motherboard is alive or dead. You might also observe the case when cooling fans start. But other than that, there’s nothing more that you can anticipate happening without any CPU on your motherboard.
Special Cases & Exceptions:
For a few motherboards, it’s possible to update or flash BIOS without any CPU. That’s the case with a few of the motherboards from ASUS and other companies. While you still would not be capable of accessing the BIOS even on such motherboards, you’ll be capable of updating your BIOS firmware without any CPU on them.
A few large-scale mainframe PCs like those by IBMs and other enterprise-level PCs can POST and permit access to BIOS without any dedicated CPU installed. But, yes, to you as an average user, it does not matter.
POST or Power-On-Self-Test is utilized for ensuring that the PC is configured properly and has all the critical parts functioning fine. After POST is done, your PC resumes its booting process, initializing the different programs and systems it has to work.
Therefore, when POST doesn’t detect your CPU, then for starters, nothing will be shown on the screen. And then, afterward, the motherboard will create error codes in the form of LED Flashing and beeping sounds.
So the answer to your question will a motherboard POST without CPU, in the traditional sense, is simply no. Meaning you’ll not see any POST screen on the monitor. However, since LED Flashes and beeping sound codes are also part of the POST procedure, you can say your motherboard will start the POST process but will not succeed in finishing it.