Motherboards are one of the most significant parts of the PC. They are created for powering all of the parts and carry data from one part to another in a certain order. But can the motherboard bottleneck CPU and GPU?
Can A Motherboard Bottleneck GPU?
In case you don’t know what the Bottleneck is, it’s the terminology used for describing the imbalance in power between parts inside the system. For instance, if the CPU is much more powerful than the GPU, then the CPU is causing the bottleneck. We can extend that logic for talking about motherboards and how they might cause the bottleneck.
Motherboards are accountable for connecting and supporting all the other parts. Everything from the CPU, GPU, and RAM to the HDD, SSD, and your CPU fan is connected to the motherboard. So, can the motherboard bottleneck GPU?
Unless we’re discussing professional top graphics cards that do many rendering or similar jobs, the motherboard ought not to bottleneck the GPU. Even if you have a new gaming GPU that can support PCIe 4.0 but the motherboard just has PCIe 3.0, it’s still not a huge difference.
While the disparity between the PCIe gens may be significant in some years, right now, it doesn’t really matter for the average user. In simple words, feel free to take that new AMD RX 6800 XT or Nvidia RTX 3080 and put it inside the slightly out-of-date PCIe 3.0 slot.
The disparity between a high-end and low-end motherboard might matter if you plan to overclock the GPU, though. The same applies to the RAM and CPU as well because the motherboard is accountable for the power regulation and voltage that such parts require. But again, your motherboard will not bottleneck your GPU, and you can overclock it.
As long as all parts stay cool and would not cause overheating problems, overclocking isn’t a huge deal. But remember that cheaper motherboards don’t have big heatsinks that high-end motherboards do. Furthermore, more expensive motherboards have better and more VRMs that are extremely significant when it comes to stock boost frequencies or overclocking.
The motherboard might affect the overall heat output produced by the GPU and CPU, but not by much. Still, for a normal user, selecting the correct motherboard isn’t that hard. Simply make certain that it’s all the features you require, like one or two M.2 slots, enough RAM slots, enough fan headers, and so on.
If you want to pay a little more, feel free to choose the motherboard with the correct RGB support and esthetics for the build. The GPU will not be bottlenecked by the motherboard. Instead, it might be bottlenecked by the CPU.
And if the motherboard and CPU are old, you’ll need to change both because of the socket compatibility. Generally, you desire the CPU to be a little more powerful than the GPU, so keep that in mind when purchasing computer components comprising the motherboard.
Can A Motherboard Bottleneck CPU?
Since motherboards are utilized for connecting the RAM, CPU, storage, GPU, and other parts together, they’re a necessary part of the PC. There are a lot of different electronic components on the motherboard, so they have to be doing something which could affect the overall performance, right? In a way, yes.
The VRMs are the single most significant electronic part that might affect the RAM and CPU performance. There are a lot of diverse motherboard chipsets available, and they come in diverse tiers. For instance, the X570 motherboards are better than the B550 motherboards.
They’ve considerably more features, better cooling for both the chipset and the VRM, look better, and more expandability, more M.2 slots, have more fan headers, and the list goes on. Can a motherboard bottleneck your CPU, then? Unless you’re overclocking or have an extremely cheap motherboard paired with the top CPU, the motherboard will not bottleneck the CPU.
That being said, you absolutely don’t desire to pair an extremely expensive CPU like the AMD 5900X with a low-budget A520M motherboard. Even if your CPU works without any problems in that motherboard, as soon as you begin doing CPU-intensive jobs, the VRMs will heat up, and your CPU will be throttled by the power shortage.
Furthermore, your system’s stability would be affected, and the PC would crash eventually. And it’s not extremely good in the long-term because the VRMs will begin failing much sooner than anticipated. The indirect method in which your motherboard can affect the performance is by limiting the hardware choice. It comprises the RAM, the CPU, and the storage.
Even if you have an awesome motherboard from five years ago, you will not locate any modern CPU that can work with it. Then how do you pick the correct motherboard for the CPU to ensure that your CPU will get sufficient power and will not be underpowered? Acquire a motherboard that can match your CPU in terms of pricing.
A middle-end CPU will work awesome in the high-end motherboard, but unless you want to upgrade later, a middle-end B series motherboard will be sufficient. More highly, if you desire to do any overclocking, you desire to get a great motherboard with first-rate VRMs and a great VRM design.
In that situation, you’ll require a Z series motherboard for Intel CPUs or a B or X series one for AMD CPUs. Such motherboards are frequently created with overclocking in mind, so it ought not to be a problem. But even if you don’t want to overclock, the CPU will run more steady, and your VRMs will stay cooler on the better motherboards.
It can affect the performance to some extent. Remember that the CPU cooler can affect the CPU performance in much the same manner. So, cool VRMs and cool CPUs are the best way for reducing thermal throttling and keeping the CPU performing at its best.
Picking the correct motherboard for you may look like an intimidating job at first, but it’s really not very hard if you know what to search for. If you’re wondering whether motherboard bottlenecks CPU and GPU, you’re not alone. Overall, it’s extremely significant to pick a motherboard that can really maintain the high voltage flow and does not heat up really fast with high-end components.
Since your motherboard directly does not bottleneck the GPU and CPU, a lot of PC builders choose super pricey main components and an extremely entry-level motherboard. You cannot see the effect right away, but after an hour or two, when your system begins overclocking or heating up, a cheap motherboard cannot manage everything.
In the worst situation, you ended up burning your motherboard because of the current overflow. But if you’re building a budget computer, a budget motherboard is ideal. So, please pick a good motherboard if you’re utilizing expensive components to get full performance.